The text is the higher unit of language in the hierarchy of levels. People communicate their ideas via meaningful and unified texts and not via isolated sentences. Hence, there appeared in the 60s the need for a scientific approach to the analysis or texts that would offer a framework for both the external and internal organization of a text. Later on this theory was developed into the theory of discourse analysis.

The course has two main foci, i.e. to analyze the present linguistic approaches to text analysis, and to help learners of English apply the theoretical background in practice so that they can encode and decode English texts in various contexts appropriately.

The learners will be familiarized with the terminology and concepts relevant to the standards of textuality, information structure within a text as well as cultural characteristics of a text. A range of spoken and written texts will be examined during the course, which will help learners become more proficient users of English.